Canada Express Entry Programs

Express Entry Canada

Implemented in January 2015, the Canadian Express Entry program is Canada’s new system for managing immigration applications for several of the country’s economic immigrant programs including Federal Skilled Worker, Canadian Experience Class, and Federal Skilled Trades. People interested in immigrating to Canada to live and work on a full-time basis, who meet the criteria for at least one of these immigration programs, can formally express their interest in becoming a permanent resident of Canada by creating an Express Entry profile. Once added to the Express Entry pool, candidates will be scored according to the program’s point-based Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), and this score will determine the candidate’s rank within the pool. People with the highest scores will then be invited to apply to immigrate to Canada as permanent residents.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) invites the highest ranking candidates from the Express Entry pool to apply for expedited Canadian immigration on a frequent basis via official “rounds of invitations”. In order to be selected in one of these Express Entry draws and issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA), an applicant must rank near the top of the pool of potential candidates according to the Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System. The program’s CRS will assess the details of a candidate’s Express Entry profile and rank them according to major predictors of economic success, factoring in their education, skills, work experience, language abilities, and a variety of other elements that are known to help migrants flourish in Canada. Provinces and territories, as well as eligible employers in Canada, can also directly recruit potential immigrants from the Express Entry pool, and candidates who receive a job offer or provincial nomination are awarded a significant number of points giving their Express Entry score a major boost.

To ensure you have the best possible chance of being selected for immigration to Canada, you can retain the services of a Canadian immigration lawyer who can help you take the necessary steps before and during your application to maximize your chances of success.

 

How to Become a Permanent Resident of Canada

The fastest way to move to Canada as a permanent resident is via the new Express Entry system. The immigration management program is completed entirely online, and makes the Canadian immigration process extremely efficient for qualified candidates from across the world. Most Canada PR applications submitted under Express Entry will be processed in 6 months or less.

 

Express Entry Canada

In order for Canada to assess a potential immigrant’s eligibility for Express Entry, the program requires that applicants create an online profile containing all their credentials. Once an Express Entry profile has been created for the candidate and he or she has been accepted in the program, the potential immigrant’s profile will be put into a pool with other candidates and potential employers and provincial nominee programs can then compare the different applications. If an eligible employer or Canada PNP chooses a candidate from the Express Entry pool, he or she will then receive 600 CRS points for the provincial nomination or up to 200 points for the qualifying job offer. There are then official Express Entry draws where top candidates are given an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian residency.

In order to participate in the Canadian Express Entry immigration system, you must satisfy all the Express Entry criteria including the requirements of one or more of Canada’s economic immigration programs. If you do not meet the Express Entry requirements, you will not be accepted into the system’s pool of candidates.

 

How Do I Confirm a Provincial Nomination Within Express Entry?

If a province or territory has already nominated you under their Express Entry stream, you must add the nomination to your Express Entry account in order to receive the additional Canadian immigration points. To do so, follow these instructions.

Confirming a PNP nomination:

  • Open your Express Entry profile
  • Go to “application details” and then the “nomination and selection” section
  • Where it asks if you have a Canada PNP Express Entry nomination, change your answer to “yes”
  • Use the drop-down menu to choose the province or territory that has nominated you
  • Submit your updated profile
  • Contact the province directly, outside of Express Entry, and provide them with your Job Seeker Validation Code and Express Entry profile number
  • The province will then use this information to confirm the Canada PNP nomination with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Once confirmed, you will receive a MyCIC message regarding the nomination.
  • Click “accept” at the top, and you will be instantly awarded 600 Express Entry points on your CRS immigration score. You have 30 days to accept a PNP Canada nomination in Express Entry before it officially expires.

Once you have accepted the Canadian Province Nominee Program nomination, you will receive a confirmation letter in PDF format in your MyCIC account. A copy of your nomination certificate will also be mailed to you.

 

Does a Notification of Interest (NOI) Count as a Nomination?

Receiving a notification of interest (NOI) from a province is not the same as receiving a provincial nomination. If you have received a notification of interest from a Canada PNP program, and you wish to be nominated by them, you must then apply to that province’s Express Entry stream.

 

Can a Person Accept Nominations From Several Provinces?

In Express Entry, a prospective immigrant can only be nominated by a single Provincial Nominee Program at one time. If you have received a Canadian PNP nomination in Express Entry, and you wish to accept a provincial nomination from a different province, you must first click “not accept” on the original nomination.

 

Canadian Immigration

The Federal Government of Canada has announced their 2017 Canadian immigration levels plan. In 2017, the Government plans to accept 300,000 Canadian permanent residents, the majority of which will be selected from economic immigration programs. Citizenship and Immigration Canada is aiming to approve 172,500 applicants and accompanying family members under economic class immigration programs such as Canada Express Entry, Quebec Skilled Worker, and the various Canadian Provincial Nominee Programs. For additional information about immigrating to Canada through Express Entry, you can visit the official Government of Canada Express Entry immigration website here.

 

Will There Be a Cap on the Number of People Allowed to Apply for Express Entry?

There is no cap on the number of prospective immigrants who can submit Express Entry Canada applications. This will likely result in a diverse range of occupations, experience and qualifications for employers and provinces to choose from to fill their labour market shortages. This also means that the pool will contain all applicants with high-quality skills and experiences, rather than just the candidates who submitted their applications before the deadline or cap is met. This being said, the number of people given an Invitation to Apply for permanent residency will be subject to the Annual Immigration Levels Plan which will set out a basic range of admissions for the Express Entry Program.
In general, labor market demand will determine the successful applicants for the Express Entry program, as a job offer, nomination from a province or a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) can give an applicant extra points that may enable them to rank highly enough to qualify for an Invitation to Apply. This also means that any shortages found in the Canadian job market can be assessed and addressed in a short space of time, which could be extremely beneficial to Canada’s economy.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada’s commitment to processing most Express Entry PR applications within six months of being submitted means that many Express Entry applicants will be able to enter the job market and start contributing to the Canadian economy in a very short space of time.

 

Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residency in Canada

If an Express Entry Canada immigration candidate is selected out of the pool during a “round of invitations” (Express Entry draw), he or she will then be given an Invitation to Apply for Canada PR. Once given an ITA, applicants have 90 days to submit their application for Canadian permanent residency.

 

Canada Express Entry Eligibility

Express Entry Canada eligibility is determined using a unique point-based system called the Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The Canada Express Entry CRS is designed to identify potential immigrants that are likely to succeed economically once living in Canada. To do so effectively, the Express Entry CRS awards points for factors that Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) have found to correlate positively with future economic success for new immigrants to Canada. These Canadian Express Entry eligibility factors include age, level of education, French or English language proficiency, as well as previous work experience in Canada.

Anyone who meets the requirements of the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Canadian Experience Class or Federal Skilled Trades Program is eligible to create an Express Entry profile. There is no minimum score for Canada Express Entry eligibility. Only prospective immigrants with enough Express Entry points will be invited to apply for Canadian permanent residency, however. To help determine your Express Entry eligibility score, we have provided the detailed Comprehensive Ranking System formula below. Once you have calculated how many Express Entry points you are eligible for, you can compare this number to the minimum CRS points required from the latest Canada Express Entry draw. If your Express Entry CRS points score is near or above the minimum required points from the latest draw, you are likely a very competitive candidate. If your Express Entry score is significantly below the minimum cutoff score from previous draws, however, your chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residency in Canada may be weak.

Questions about Canada Express Entry eligibility? Contact our Canadian immigration team today for a FREE consultation.

 

Age (maximum 110 points)

Canadian immigration candidates entering the Express Entry pool without a spouse or common-law partner are eligible for up to 110 points under this criterion of the Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System. Candidates with a spouse or common-law partner are eligible for up to 100 points. Canada prefers young immigrants, and prospective candidates in their twenties receive the most points under this eligibility factor. Potential immigrants who are 45 years of age or older do not receive any Express Entry CRS points for their age.

Express Entry Age Points Grid (no spouse):

  • Under 18 years of age – 0 points
  • 18 years old – 99 points
  • 19 years old – 105 points
  • 20 to 29 years old – 110 points
  • 30 years old – 105 points
  • 31 years old – 99 points
  • 32 years old – 94 points
  • 33 years old – 88 points
  • 34 years old – 83 points
  • 35 years old – 77 points
  • 36 years old – 72 points
  • 37 years old – 66 points
  • 38 years old – 61 points
  • 39 years old – 55 points
  • 40 years old – 50 points
  • 41 years old – 39 points
  • 42 years old – 28 points
  • 43 years old – 17 points
  • 44 years old – 6 points
  • 45+ years of age – 0 points

 

Express Entry Age Points Grid (with a spouse):

  • Under 18 years of age – 0 points
  • 18 years old – 90 points
  • 19 years old – 95 points
  • 20 to 29 years old – 100 points
  • 30 years old – 95 points
  • 31 years old – 90 points
  • 32 years old – 85 points
  • 33 years old – 80 points
  • 34 years old – 75 points
  • 35 years old – 70 points
  • 36 years old – 65 points
  • 37 years old – 60 points
  • 38 years old – 55 points
  • 39 years old – 50 points
  • 40 years old – 45 points
  • 41 years old – 35 points
  • 42 years old – 25 points
  • 43 years old – 15 points
  • 44 years old – 5 points
  • 45+ years of age – points

 

Level of Education (maximum 150 points)

Canada is very interested in attracting highly educated immigrants. This Canada Express Entry eligibility factor rewards prospective immigrants who have excellent educational qualifications. Well educated immigrants that do not have a spouse or common-law partner can be awarded as many as 150 points under this component. Express Entry candidates interested in immigrating to Canada with a spouse or common-law partner can obtain up to 140 points. Candidates who have not graduated from high school receive zero Express Entry points under this section.

Express Entry Education Points Grid (no spouse):

  • Less than high school (secondary school) – 0 points
  • High school diploma (secondary school graduation) – 30 points
  • 1-year diploma from college, university, technical or trade school – 90 points
  • 2-year diploma from college, university, technical or trade school – 98 points
  • Bachelor’s degree or 3-year diploma from college, university, technical or trade school – 120 points
  • More than one degree, certificate or diploma (one must be for a 3-year or longer program) – 128 points
  • Master’s degree – 135 points
  • Professional degree in dentistry, medicine, law, optometry, pharmacy, veterinary medicine or chiropractic medicine – 135 points
  • Doctorate (PhD) – 150 points

Express Entry Education Points Grid (with a spouse):

  • Less than high school (secondary school) – 0 points
  • High school diploma (secondary school graduation) – 28 points
  • 1-year diploma from college, university, technical or trade school – 84 points
  • 2-year diploma from college, university, technical or trade school – 91 points
  • Bachelor’s degree or 3-year diploma from college, university, technical or trade school – 112 points
  • More than one degree, certificate or diploma (one must be for a 3-year or longer program) – 119 points
  • Master’s degree – 126 points
  • Professional degree in dentistry, medicine, law, optometry, pharmacy, veterinary medicine or chiropractic medicine – 126 points
  • Doctorate (PhD) – 140 points

 

Language Proficiency (maximum 160 points)

When determining Express Entry eligibility, the ability to communicate in one of Canada’s official languages is important. English proficiency and French proficiency are determined according to four abilities: speaking, listening, reading and writing. Each of these abilities is equally weighted under the Canada Express Entry eligibility formula. Express Entry applicants without a spouse or common-law partner are awarded up to 34 points for each first language ability, for a total of 136 points (34 x 4). Applicants with a spouse can get up to 32 points per first language ability, for a total of 128 points (32 x 4). For both types of applicants, each of these language abilities is worth up to 6 points as a second language for a total of 24 points (6 x 4). This means it is possible to be awarded up to 160 points (136 + 24) under this Express Entry eligibility factor as a prospective immigrant without a spouse, while candidates with a partner are eligible for up to 150 points.

Express Entry First Language Proficiency Points Grid (no spouse):

  • CLB 1 to 3 – 0 points
  • CLB 4 – 6 points
  • CLB 5 – 6 points
  • CLB 6 – 9 points
  • CLB 7 – 17 points
  • CLB 8 – 23 points
  • CLB 9 – 31 points
  • CLB 10+ – 34 points

Express Entry First Language Proficiency Points Grid (with a spouse):

  • CLB 1 to 3 – 0 points
  • CLB 4 – 6 points
  • CLB 5 – 6 points
  • CLB 6 – 8 points
  • CLB 7 – 16 points
  • CLB 8 – 22 points
  • CLB 9 – 29 points
  • CLB 10+ – 32 points

Express Entry Second Language Proficiency Points Grid:

  • CLB 1 to 3 – 0 points
  • CLB 4 – 0 points
  • CLB 5 – 1 point
  • CLB 6 – 1 points
  • CLB 7 – 3 points
  • CLB 8 – 3 points
  • CLB 9 – 6 points
  • CLB 10+ – 6 points

 

Canadian Work Experience (maximum 80 points)

Previous work experience in Canada can increase the probability of a new immigrant succeeding in their career, and is consequently an important factor when calculating Canada Express Entry eligibility. Applicants with a spouse or common-law partner are eligible for up to 70 points for this Comprehensive Ranking System component, while those with no spouse or partner are eligible for as many as 80 points.

Express Entry Canada Work Experience Points Grid (no spouse):

  • None – 0 points
  • Less than one year – 0 points
  • One year – 40 points
  • Two years – 53 points
  • Three years – 64 points
  • Four years – 72 points
  • Five years or more – 80 points

Express Entry Canada Work Experience Points Grid (with a spouse):

  • None – 0 points
  • Less than one year – 0 points
  • One year – 35 points
  • Two years – 46 points
  • Three years – 56 points
  • Four years – 63 points
  • Five years or more – 70 points

 

Level of Education of Spouse or Common-Law Partner (maximum 10 points)

In many of the previous Canada Express Entry eligibility components, applicants without a spouse or common-law partner were eligible for more points. This is because candidates that are applying for Express Entry with a spouse are awarded points specifically for their spouse’s attributes. A spouse’s educational qualifications is one of these measured factors, and applicants with highly educated spouses can be awarded up to 10 points under the Canadian Express Entry CRS sector.

Express Entry Spouse’s Education Points Grid:

  • Less than high school (secondary school) – 0 points
  • High school diploma (secondary school graduation) – 2 points
  • 1-year diploma from college, university, technical or trade school – 6 points
  • 2-year diploma from college, university, technical or trade school – 7 points
  • Bachelor’s degree or 3-year diploma from college, university, technical or trade school – 8 points
  • More than one degree, certificate or diploma (one must be for a 3-year or longer program) – 9 points
  • Master’s degree – 10 points
  • Professional degree in dentistry, medicine, law, optometry, pharmacy, veterinary medicine or chiropractic medicine – 10 points
  • Doctorate (PhD) – 10 points

 

Language Proficiency of Spouse or Common-Law Partner (maximum 20 points)

There is a positive correlation between the ability of a new immigrant to speak one of Canada’s official languages and their future level of integration into Canadian society. Since prospective immigrants than can communicate in English or French or more likely to successfully integrate and adapt once living here, it is clear why language proficiency is the largest Express Entry Canada eligibility component for spouses. Candidates applying for express immigration to Canada with a spouse or common-law partner that can read, write, speak or listen effectively in either English or French can gain up to 5 points for each ability for a total of 20 points.

Express Entry Spouse’s Language Proficiency Points Grid:

  • CLB 1 to 3 – 0 points
  • CLB 4 – 0 points
  • CLB 5 – 1 points
  • CLB 6 – 1 points
  • CLB 7 – 3 points
  • CLB 8 – 3 points
  • CLB 9 – 5 points
  • CLB 10+ – 5 points

 

Canadian Work Experience of Spouse or Common-Law Partner (maximum 10 points)

Work experience in Canada is a key factor when determining Express Entry eligibility, and a spouse’s job experience in the country helps as well. Express Entry Canada applicants with a husband or wife or common-law spouse that has eligible Canadian work experience can gain as many as 10 points under this CRS category.

Express Entry Spouse’s Canada Work Experience Points Grid:

  • None – 0 points
  • Less than one year – 0 points
  • One year – 5 points
  • Two years – 7 points
  • Three years – 8 points
  • Four years – 9 points
  • Five years or more – 10 points

 

Skill Transferability (maximum 100 points)

The Canada Express Entry eligibility score of applicants with skills that transfer well into Canadian society can gain up to 100 points under this category. There are a variety of options available under this Express Entry CRS component, each worth as much as 50 points, but the Express Entry skill transferability factor is firmly capped at 100 eligibility points.

Education and Language Proficiency Points Grid (maximum 50 points):

  • Secondary school program credential or less with all language abilities – 0 points
  • Post-secondary credential (minimum of 1 year) with all first official language abilities CLB 7 or higher – 13 points
  • Post-secondary credential (minimum of 1 year) with all first official language abilities CLB 9 or higher – 25 points
  • 2+ post-secondary credentials (one being a minimum of 3 years) with all first official language abilities CLB 7 or higher – 25 points
  • 2+ post-secondary credentials (one being a minimum of 3 years) with all first official language abilities CLB 9 or higher – 50 points

Education and Canadian Work Experience Points Grid (maximum 50 points):

  • Secondary school program credential or less with all Canadian work experience – 0 points
  • Post-secondary credential (minimum of 1 year) with 1 year of Canadian work experience – 13 points
  • Post-secondary credential (minimum of 1 year) with 2 years or more of Canadian work experience – 25 points
  • 2+ post-secondary credentials (one being a minimum of 3 years) with 1 year of Canadian work experience – 25 points
  • 2+ post-secondary credentials (one being a minimum of 3 years) with 2 years or more of Canadian work experience – 50 points

Foreign Work Experience and Language Proficiency Points Grid (maximum 50 points):

  • No foreign work experience with all language abilities – 0 points
  • 12 or 24 months of foreign work experience with all first official language abilities CLB 7 or higher – 13 points
  • 12 or 24 months of foreign work experience with all first official language abilities CLB 9 or higher – 25 points
  • 36+ months of foreign work experience with all first official language abilities CLB 7 or higher – 25 points
  • 36+ months of foreign work experience with all first official language abilities CLB 9 or higher – 50 points

Foreign Work Experience and Canadian Work Experience Points Grid (maximum 50 points):

  • No foreign work experience with all Canadian work experience – 0 points
  • 12 or 24 months of foreign work experience with 1 year of Canadian work experience – 13 points
  • 12 or 24 months of foreign work experience with 2 years or more of Canadian work experience – 25 points
  • 36+ months of foreign work experience with 1 year of Canadian work experience – 25 points
  • 36+ months of foreign work experience with 2 years or more of Canadian work experience – 50 points

Certificate of Trade Qualification and Language Proficiency Points Grid (maximum 50 points):

  • No certificate of qualification with all language abilities – 0 points
  • Certificate of qualification in trade occupation with all first official language abilities CLB 5 or higher – 25 points
  • Certificate of qualification in trade occupation with all first official language abilities CLB 7 or higher – 50 points

 

Additional Factors (maximum 600 points)

Candidates for immigration to Canada who are entering the Express Entry pool can gain a significant increase to their total CRS score by being nominated by a Canada Provincial Nominee Program, receiving a qualifying arranged job offer or having graduated from a post-secondary educational institution in Canada. This Express Entry Canada eligibility component awards candidates for Canadian immigration a maximum of 600 points, so a provincial nomination and a qualified job offer or Canadian diploma can never be combined for a CRS increase of more than 600 points.

Other Factors Points Grid:

  • Canadian Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) nomination – 600 points
  • Qualifying employment offer (NOC 00) – 200 points
  • Qualifying employment offer (NOC A, NOC B, or any other NOC 0) – 50 points
  • Canadian post-secondary educational credential (1 to 2 years) – 15 points
  • Canadian post-secondary educational credential (3+ years) – 30 points

In order to obtain an Express Entry Canada eligibility score above 600 points, candidates need a provincial nomination, an appropriate job offer or a Canadian education. Changes made to the Express Entry ranking system in November 2016 reduced the number of points awarded for job offers with a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). Previously, LMIA supported employment offers could award a candidate with an additional 600 points, and almost half the Express Entry candidates who receive an ITA for PR in 2015 had an LMIA-based qualified employment arrangement. Points for an eligible college degree or certificate were also added to the Express Entry ranking criteria during this update.

In 2017, employment offers for jobs that are considered National Occupational Classification (NOC) 00 now award 200 Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System points. These management positions are: Legislators (NOC 0011), Senior government managers and officials (NOC 0012), Senior managers in financial, communications and other business services (NOC 0013), Senior managers in health, education, social and community services and membership organizations (NOC 0014), Senior managers in trade, broadcasting and other services (NOC 0015), and Senior managers in construction, transportation, production and utilities (NOC 0016). Other skill type 0 occupations, along with skill type A professional jobs and skill type B technical and skilled jobs now award 50 Canadian Express Entry eligibility points.

Under new Express Entry regulations, all qualifying job offers no longer require a positive LMIA. Foreign nationals who have been working in Canada for at least one year on an employer specific LMIA-exempt work permit may now be eligible for job offer points under the Express Entry CRS. North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) professionals, Mobilité Francophone participants and intra-company transferees are examples of LMIA-exempt work permit holders who can obtain Express Entry points if given an eligible job offer by their current employer. Eligibility for additional Express Entry points is also possible for people with Canadian work permits issued by a province or territory or as a “significant benefit to Canada.” Express Entry eligibility rules now only require an employment offer to be for a minimum of one year starting on the day the individual becomes a Canadian permanent resident.

The British Columbia PNP, Alberta PNP, and Ontario PNP are three of the most popular provincial nominee programs in the country. If you are interested in a provincial nomination, Canada PNP programs can be contacted either directly or through the online Express Entry system. To stay up-to-date on Express Entry 2017 changes that can affect your eligibility to receive an ITA, please return to this page regularly.

Questions about your Canada Express Entry eligibility? Contact us today!